|The currency of Science||The scientific paper appearing in a peer-reviewed publication is the “currency” of science.|
|Date of publication, reception, acceptance||In addition to having a particular date of publication, many journals publish the date a paper was first received by the editors, before the revies and revision process started.|
|Ethics - Misaccreditation (plagiarism)|| It is unethical to repeat verbatim from another author without proper accreditation.
It is unethical to accredit oneself for work done by others.
|Conference paper||Typically limited to 8 or 10 pages (given a specific line space, margin, and font size)|
|Conference poster||Offered by some conferences. Typically one A-0 poster with complete information about the work done, yet in an “at a glance” format (for attracting people from across the room). Content has same outline as a standard scientific paper.|
|Conference short paper||Sometimes offered. Sometimes alternative if an interesting paper did not get sufficiently good review to be included in its entirety.|
|Conference position paper||Presents a particular argument; does not include data or results|
|Journal paper||The “big brother” of conference papers – typically also longer and more thorough; higher page limit than conferences (30 or 50 as max - often not nailed down)|
|Books||Books are a good option for material that (1) is solid and should be conveniently collected in one compact reference, (2) requires more space than is typically offered by journals (>50 pages), (3) is of general interest and should be distributed to the general public.|
|Authorlist||Either alphabetical or in order of level of contribution.|
|Alphabetical list||All authors contributed at a similar level (at least in theory).|
|First author||This is the main author of the work described in the paper, that is, the person who:
- is the driving force behind the work presented
- is the author of the ideas presented in the paper
- did most of the work and implementation.
Ideally it is also the person who wrote most of the paper.
|Reality||First author is often a professor who sticks their name on every paper published by a laboratory or department or group.|
|Second author||This is the “second person in command” for the work presented in the paper|
|Third, fourth, fifth, etc. author||Typically a list of people who did some of the work; sometimes these are also people who had a hand in the writing of the paper, but very often they are not (mostly for practical reasons).|
|Extremely long authorship lists||Becoming increasingly common in group projects|
|Last author||Increasingly advisors/professors are putting themselves at the end of the authors' list on papers describing the work of their students.|
|Acknowledgment vs. author?||If a person is not the authors' list (for whatever reason) but contributed something to the work, it is customary to put in a thank-you note in the Acknowledgment section.|