|Purpose||Summarize what the main contribution is, with appropriate mentionings of the method, result and assumptions (and possibly motivation, if this is important)|
|Format|| Short, concise - it is different from the Abstract in that most will have read (most of) the paper when they read this section.
|What to avoid|| Repeating verbatim something that was said earlier.
Being too wordy.
Saying something new that should have been in a prior section.
Not saying anything new (wrt the context, global conclusion, etc.).
|Purpose||To help those who want to continue the work understand what you would do next|
|Format||A few sentences on what will be the follow-up to this study. It is customary to put mentionings of future work in the Conclusions section, not to have it be a separate section.|
|Typical format|| - Restate the problem/challenge (1-2 sentences)
- Restate what you did (1 sentence)
- Draw up the main conclusion, refer to your results
- Comment on the implications
- Tell them what would be done next
|Purpose||To thank people, funding agencies, etc. that should be acknowledged but are not appropriate to list as co-authors.|
|Format||Comes after Results, Conclusion.|