# Center for Analysis and Design of Intelligent Agents

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public:t-720-atai:atai-22:causation

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public:t-720-atai:atai-22:causation [2022/10/03 14:22]
thorisson [Explanation & Explainability]
public:t-720-atai:atai-22:causation [2022/10/20 10:50] (current)
leonard [Causation]
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|  \\ More Recent History  | Causation has been cast by the wayside in statistics for the past 120 years, saying instead that all we can claim about the relationship of any variables is that they correlate. Needless to say this has lead to significant confusion as to what science can and cannot say about causal relationships, such as whether mobile phones cause cancer. Equally badly, the statistical stance has infected some scientific fields to view causation as "unscientific".     | |  \\ More Recent History  | Causation has been cast by the wayside in statistics for the past 120 years, saying instead that all we can claim about the relationship of any variables is that they correlate. Needless to say this has lead to significant confusion as to what science can and cannot say about causal relationships, such as whether mobile phones cause cancer. Equally badly, the statistical stance has infected some scientific fields to view causation as "unscientific".     |
|  Spurious Correlation  | Non-zero correlation due to complete coincidence.   | |  Spurious Correlation  | Non-zero correlation due to complete coincidence.   |
-|  \\ Causation & Correlation  | What is the relation between causation and correlation? \\ There is no (non-spurious) correlation without causation. \\ There is no causation without correlation.  \\ However, causation between two variables does necessitate one of them to be the cause of the other: They can have a shared (possibly hidden) //common cause//.   |+|  \\ Causation & Correlation  | What is the relation between causation and correlation? \\ There is no (non-spurious) correlation without causation. \\ There is no causation without correlation.  \\ However, correlation between two variables does not necessitate one of them to be the cause of the other: They can have a shared (possibly hidden) //common cause//.   |

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