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public:t-720-atai:atai-16:lecture_notes_f-14_26.02.2016 [2016/02/26 11:42]
thorisson2 [Symbols, Meaning & Understanding]
public:t-720-atai:atai-16:lecture_notes_f-14_26.02.2016 [2017/12/06 13:30] (current)
thorisson [Symbols, Meaning & Understanding]
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 |  Peirce's Innovation  | Detaching the symbol/sign from the object signified, and introducing the interpretation process as a key entity. This makes it possible to explain why people misunderstand each other, and how symbols and meaning can grow and change in a culture.    | |  Peirce's Innovation  | Detaching the symbol/sign from the object signified, and introducing the interpretation process as a key entity. This makes it possible to explain why people misunderstand each other, and how symbols and meaning can grow and change in a culture.    |
 |  Understanding  | Understanding of a particular phenomenon <m>phi</m> is the potential to perform actions and answer questions with respect to <m>phi</m>. Example: Is an automobile heavier or lighter than a human? For this computational models can be used.   | |  Understanding  | Understanding of a particular phenomenon <m>phi</m> is the potential to perform actions and answer questions with respect to <m>phi</m>. Example: Is an automobile heavier or lighter than a human? For this computational models can be used.   |
-|  Meaning | This is far from settled, and philosophers are still grappling with the topic. It is of course highly relevant to AI, especially AGI.   |+|  Meaning  | This is far from settled, and philosophers are still grappling with the topic. It is of course highly relevant to AI, especially AGI.   |
 |  Current Approach  | Meaning stems from two main sources. Firstly, acquired and tested models form a graph of relations; the comprehensiveness of this graph determines the level of understanding that the models can support with respect to a particular phenomenon. Meaning is not possible without (some level of) understanding. Secondly, meaning comes from the context of the usage of symbols, where the context is provided by (a) who/what uses the symbols, (b) in what particular task-environment, using ( c) what particular //syntactic constraints//.   | |  Current Approach  | Meaning stems from two main sources. Firstly, acquired and tested models form a graph of relations; the comprehensiveness of this graph determines the level of understanding that the models can support with respect to a particular phenomenon. Meaning is not possible without (some level of) understanding. Secondly, meaning comes from the context of the usage of symbols, where the context is provided by (a) who/what uses the symbols, (b) in what particular task-environment, using ( c) what particular //syntactic constraints//.   |
 |  Prerequisites for using symbols  | A prerequisite for communication is a shared interpretation method, shared interpretation of syntax (context), and shared knowledge (object).   |  |  Prerequisites for using symbols  | A prerequisite for communication is a shared interpretation method, shared interpretation of syntax (context), and shared knowledge (object).   | 
 |  Where the Symbols "are"  | When we use the term "symbol" in daily conversation we typically are referring to its //meaning//, not its form (sign). The meaning of symbols emerges from the interpretation process which is triggered by the contextual use of a sign: A sign's relation to forward models, in the pragmatic and syntactic context, produces a meaning - that which is //signified//. Thus, more than being "stored in a database", symbols are continuously and dynamically being "computed based on knowledge".    | |  Where the Symbols "are"  | When we use the term "symbol" in daily conversation we typically are referring to its //meaning//, not its form (sign). The meaning of symbols emerges from the interpretation process which is triggered by the contextual use of a sign: A sign's relation to forward models, in the pragmatic and syntactic context, produces a meaning - that which is //signified//. Thus, more than being "stored in a database", symbols are continuously and dynamically being "computed based on knowledge".    |
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